Referans ve Kaynaklar

1.       ^ Brody, Jane E. (2007-08-07). "Injections to Kick-Start Tissue Repair". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-24. "Prolotherapy involves a series of injections designed to produce inflammation in the injured tissue. To appreciate the value of such a seemingly counterproductive measure, you need to know something about connective tissue and how the body normally repairs it. When tissues are injured, inflammation is a common natural response. It stimulates substances carried in blood that produce growth factors in the injured area to promote healing. Ligaments, tendons and cartilage have very poor blood supplies, which can result in incomplete healing."

2.       ^ a b Banks, Alan. "A Rationale for Prolotherapy". "Prolotherapy, the technology for strengthening lax ligaments, has found increased acceptance in recent years. However, despite its greater use, the mechanism of action of prolotherapy is not well understood. In the past few years a number of advances have been made in the understanding of wound repair. This author believes the increased knowledge which has been made available in the field of wound healing has application to a more complete understanding of prolotherapy. There follows a general discussion of wound healing and a hypothesis which provides a basis for understanding prolotherapy."

3.       ^ Dagenais, S.; Yelland, M.; Del Mar, C.; Schoene, M. (2007). Dagenais, Simon. ed. "Prolotherapy injections for chronic low-back pain". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2): CD004059. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004059.pub3. PMID 17443537. edit[1] Cochrane collaboration

4.       ^ "HCFA Decision Memorandum". Quackwatch. Retrieved 2008-07-24.

5.       ^ "Prolotherapy, Where Does It Stand Today?". ChiroAccess. Retrieved 2011-08-11.

6.       ^ [2] Clinicaltrials.Gov, Joint Injections for Osteoarthritic Knee Pain, web page last updated November 19, 2009

7.       ^ Clinicaltrials.Gov, Efficacy Study of Prolotherapy vs Corticosteroid for Tennis Elbow

8.       ^ Prolotherapy Versus Steroids for Thumb Carpo-Metacarpal Joint Arthritis

9.       ^ Ryan MB, Wong AD, Gillies JH, Wong J, Taunton JE (April 2009). "Sonographically guided intratendinous injections of hyperosmolar dextrose/lidocaine: a pilot study for the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis". British Journal of Sports Medicine 43 (4): 303–6. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2008.050021. PMID 19019908.

10.   ^ Full text at PMC: 2751593/ 2751593

11.   ^ The Efficacy of Dextrose Prolotherapy for Temporomandibular Joint Hypermobility: A Preliminary Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

12.   ^

13.   Reeves et al. Randomized prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study of dextrose prolotherapy for knee osteoarthritis with or without ACL laxity. Alternative Therapies, March 2000, Vol.6, No.2

14.   Klein RG et al. A randomized double-blind trial of dextrose-glycerine-phenol injections for chronic low back pain. J Spinal Discord. 1993;6:23-33.

15.   Ongley MJ et al. A new approach to the treatment of chronic low back pain. Lancet. 1987;2:143-146.

16.   Walter MV. Dr. Mark Vincent Walter’s Connective Tissue Report.

17.   Ravin T et al. Manual of Musculoskeletal Medicine, p.67-75

18.   Almekinders LG et al. An in vitro investigation into the effects of repetitive motion and non steroidal anti-inflammatory medication on human tendon fibroblasts. Am J Sports Med 23:119-129, 1995

19.   Dahners LE et al. The effect of a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug on the healing of ligaments. Am J Sports Med 16:641-646, 1988

20.   Weiler JM. Medical modifiers of sports injury. Clinics in Sports Med 11:635-644, 1992

21.   Hackett G et al. Ligament and Tendon Relaxation treated by Prolotherapy. 5th edition, 2002. pp287-296

22.   Yelland MJ et al. Prolotherapy injections, saline injections, and exercises for chronic low-back pain: a randomized trial. Spine, Jan 2004;29(1):9-16.

23.   Dechow E et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sclerosing injections in patients with chronic low back pain. Rheumatology 1999;38:1255-1259

24.   Koop CE. Prolotherapy articles. American Association of Orthopedic Medicine. URL:http://www/

25.   Nirschl, RP,Ashman, ES, Elbow Tendinopathy: tennis elbow. Clinics in Sports Medicine  2003; 22(4):813-836.

26.   Khan, KM, Cook, B, Overuse Tendinosis, Not Tendinitis, Part1 & 2: A new Paradigm for a Difficult Clinical Problem. Physician and Sports Medicine 2000;28(5):38-48, 28(6)31-46.


LİNKLER: - The American Osteopathic Association of Prolotherapy Integrative Pain Management, affiliated with the American Osteopathic Association, is an association of licensed practitioners dedicated toward improving the practice of, and disseminating knowledge about prolotherapy. is a source for extensive articles, diagrams and other resources related to prolotherapy.

American Association of Orthopaedic Medicine is a non-profit organization that promotes prolotherapy.

[3] is a source of a dozen videos about prolotherapy for athletes and a wide variety of injuries. Dr. Albert Franche produced the videos for his patients.

"CAM Prolotherapy Project". 2006-08-06. Retrieved 2006-08-06.

Brody, Jane E. (2007-08-07). "Injections to Kick-Start Tissue Repair". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-24.

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